Intro. To Biblical Hermeneutics
2 October 2012
Observations on Ephesians 6:17-20
17 And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God;
Specific to General: Helmet and sword – these are the Word of God.
Figures of Speech – “helmet” “sword” – these expressions convey imagery
Verbs – the verb of “take” is active – signifying action to the reader
Lists – “helmet”, “sword”, “word of God”
Actions/roles of people – Readers are told to “take” these items – this is a directive from Paul.
18 praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, being watchful to this end with all perseverance and supplication for all the saints--
Means – these things (salvation, word of God, prayer) are all accomplished in the Spirit.
Verbs – “pray always”, “being watchful” – like the previous verse, these are action verbs that give the reader action to take
Actions/roles of people – Continued from the previous verse, do these things (pray, be watchful)
Tone – Paul’s tone is this passage is almost pleading (PLEASE do these things, YOU MUST do these things)
19 and for me, that utterance may be given to me, that I may open my mouth boldly to make known the mystery of the gospel,
General to specific – General: pray for me – Specific: utterance, open my mouth, make known
Shift in the Story – Paul moves from talking to his audience to talking about himself
Tone of the passage – Same as previous verse; pleading (PLEASE pray for me)
Purpose/Result Statement – Pray for me for the purpose of making known the mystery of the gospel
Conjunction – “and” connects this verse to the previous verse, both about prayer
20 for which I am an ambassador in chains; that in it I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak.
Conjunction – “for which” connects Paul’s role as an ambassador for Christ to his speaking boldly
Repetition of words – In this verse and previous Paul repeats “that”, giving the church in Ephesus multiple purposes for praying for him
Cause and effect – Cause: praying for Paul, Effect: boldly proclaiming the gospel; being an ambassador
Emotional terms – “in chains”, “as I ought to”
NG, LR, & NCU
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